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Farmer Organisations and Climate Change Adaptation

Farmer Organisations and Climate Change Policy

Climate projections for the region serve to emphasize the climate unpredictability, variability and intensity that farmers will have to adapt to in the  future. The impact that climate change is having on agriculture in the Pacific  is evident from the data around agriculture loss and damage from extreme  weather events such as flooding and cyclones. Anecdotal evidence from  farmers and others in the agriculture sector highlights crop problems such  as early maturity, change in taste, decline in yields and negative effects on  flowering/fruiting linked to increased rainfall, saltwater intrusion and temperature  changes, including extreme heat days and higher night temperatures.  

It is clear that food systems will have to be resilient and farmers will have to  adapt, if food security is not to be seriously threatened. The factors considered  as essential for building adaptive capacity are: 

(a) social capital; 

(b) ability of communities to engage effectively with external agents; 

(c) access to knowledge including how knowledge is generated, shared  and exchanged; 

(d) merging of local and external knowledge; 

(e) space for farmers to interact, communicate, experiment and learn  

from each other; 

(f) trust in the adaptation measure(s)being promoted; 

(g) effective capacity building; 

(h) decentralised research; and 

(i) supportive policy. 

Membership of a farmer organization (FO) provides an enabling platform for the  effective and efficient delivery of these conditions, thereby providing farmers  with the tools essential for adaptation to a changing climate. 

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